Biological new regime

A robust protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable-sharing of the benefits arising from their utilization is urgently needed for the conservation of biodiversity. ABS refers to the way genetic resources—whether from plants, animals or microorganisms—are accessed, and how the benefits that result from their use by various research institutes, universities or private companies are shared with the people or countries that provide them.

The Convention on Biological Diversity CBD Signed at the Rio Summit inthe CBD is an international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources.

With Parties, the Convention seeks to address all threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services through scientific assessments, the development of tools, the transfer of technologies and good practices and the involvement of stakeholders including indigenous and local communities, youth, NGOs, women and the business community. Fri, 08 Oct Photo: Intu Boedhihartono. In spite of the lack of common understanding of the meaning of derivatives, developing countries have made clear that these should be fully addressed within the scope of the protocol.

In addition to expanding the number of States Parties four have not yet ratified itthe universalization of its implementation should now be sought, as too few States Parties have so far transposed all CWC provisions into their domestic legislation.

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France has sustainably engaged in the fight against chemical weapons over the long term. It is the depositary of the Protocol on the Prohibition of the Use in War of Chemical and Bacteriological weapons. InFrance removed the reserves it had appended to the Protocol at the time of ratifying on the possible use of such weapons in reprisal.

It also revitalized negotiations of the Conference on Disarmament inwhich resulted in the signing of the Chemical Weapons Convention in Paris on 15 January French policy is implemented, in the framework of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons OPCWthrough simultaneous action on disarmament, i.

Only a strengthening of the industrial verification regime could ensure that chemical weapons do not re-emerge once the chemical weapon disarmament process is fully completed. France also actively participates in bolstering export control of civil and military dual-use goods in the European Union and internationally The Australia Group.

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In parallel, France ensures that it has the means to defend itself against the consequences of a chemical attack by studying protective measures against such weapons and their effects, so as to ensure the health and safety of the civilian population and its armed forces. The use of chemicals as a significant weapon of war began at Ypres on 22 Aprilthe first large-scale attack using chlorine gas.