Admission granted following submission of a dossier and decision by the jury Admission granted to the holder of a degree similar to the degrees awarded in the French-speaking Community see point Aand awarded by a Higher Education Institution outside the latter Flemish Community, German-speaking Community, Royal Military Academy, foreign institutionunder the additional conditions determined by the jury.
Criteria laid down by the jury. Admission rules for the "World Focus": No one may be admitted to this focus without being concerned by a double degree agreement between ULB and the university partners. Tronc commun. Cours obligatoires. Module méthodes. Analyse des discours politiques et médiatiques.
Analyse quantitative en sciences sociales. Méthodes statistiques appliquées aux sciences sociales. Méthodes d'enquête et de sondage. Préparation au mémoire. Cours spécifiques. Elisa Lopez Lucia Coordinator. Security Practices and Political Violence. Cours optionnels. Droit des organisations internationales et sécurité collective.
Droit international diplomatique et consulaire. Environnement, ressources et conflits Cours Pôle Bernheim. Culture et société du monde chinois. EU and its Eastern Neighborhood. Politiques de développement internationales. Ce cours ne sera pas donné en Problèmes actuels de politique internationale. La Chine et le monde : la politique étrangère chinoise depuis Le Brésil : puissance émergente.
L'islam en Europe contemporaine. Islamisme et jihadisme dans le monde arabe. La religion dans le monde contemporain.
Droit de la paix et de la sécurité internationale. Module optionnel 2. Terrorism and international law. Séminaire d'éthique et philosophie des relations internationales Chre Bernheim Paix et Citoyenneté.
Armement et désarmement en politique internationale. Questions politiques d'actualité en Chine. The politics of in security: national, regional and global debates. Stage - Mobilité - Internship. Module Méthodes. Module optionnel. Cours extérieurs. Crédits spécifiques. Module Langue cours de français - Accès après examen. Français langue étrangère - Niveau moyen 1. Français langue étrangère - Niveau moyen 2.
Français langue étrangère Niveau avancé 1. Français langue étrangère Niveau avancé 2. Français langue étrangère Niveau perfectionnement. Gender Issues in Islamic Countries. Introduction aux institutions de l'Union européenne.
Approche socio-politique de l'Asie musulmane non-arabe. Régimes politiques des pays d'Europe centrale et orientale. Politique de l'Amérique latine. Migrant Integration Policies in Europe. Développement et globalisation : théories et pratiques. Agricultures, Ruralities and Globalization. International Political Economy. Cours optionnels spécifique. Protection internationale et européenne des droits et libertés.
Sarah Ganty Coordinator.
Prothese mammaire 350 gr
International and European Environemental Law. Droit international économique. Evaluation of European Public Policies. Energy and Environment Policies of the EU. Politiques publiques internationales. Module optionnel 1. Méthodes qualitatives en science politique. Stage en Relations Internationales. Module Langue Cours de français - Accès après examen. Vaios Koutroulis Coordinator. POLI Sciences politiques. Mandatory courses: 6 courses for a total of 40 credits.
POLI-D 5credits fr. POLI-D 5credits en.
POLI-D 10credits fr. POLI-D 10credits en. These mandatory courses represent Optional courses may be selected to increase this number from Optional courses. You must choose 3 optional courses to choose between 22 possible courses. You must choose 20 optional credits to choose between 22 possible courses.
Optional courses: 0 to 2 courses for a total of 0 to 10 credits. These courses represent from DROI Droit. Mandatory courses. Optional courses: 1 to 2 courses for a total of 10 to 15 credits. DROI-C 10credits fr. DROI-C 10credits en. DROI-C 5credits fr. COMM Information-communication. Optional courses: 0 to 1 course for a total of 0 to 5 credits. COMM-B 5credits fr. SOCA Sciences sociales.
SOCA-D 5credits fr. SOCA-D 5credits en. STAT Statistiques. STAT-D 5credits fr. ENVI Sciences de l'environnement. ENVI-F 5credits fr. ORIE Langues et litt. ORIE-B 5credits fr. RELA Sc. RELA-D 5credits fr.
FR French. Mandatory courses: 3 courses for a total of 20 credits. EN English. Optional courses: 0 to 3 courses for a total of 0 to 20 credits.
MEMO Mémoire. Mandatory courses: 1 course for a total of 30 credits. MEMO-D 30credits fr. These mandatory courses represent from Mandatory courses: 1 course for a total of 5 credits. DROI-O 5credits fr. You must choose from 3 to 5 optional courses to choose between 24 possible courses. These mandatory courses represent 8. Optional courses may be selected to increase this number from 8. You must choose 25 optional credits to choose between 24 possible courses. Optional courses: 0 to 4 courses for a total of 0 to 20 credits.
ETHI Ethique. The Serb authorities found in the KLA a legitimate pretext for brutally unlawful measures. Series of attacks were launched against Albanian villages with casualties that included children and old peoples. The massacre in Drenica, in the beginning of Marchwhere some 80 Albanians were killed, among them 25 women and children, foreordained for the seven months of open war.
In fact the sanctions proved to be ineffective, since there was no serious commitment to the use of force as alternative solution, in the case of sanctions policy inefficiency. By Aprilthe situation started to deteriorate again. Every public warning or threats issued by a representative of the US or another NATO country between March and June was followed in short order by renewed Serb military actions, which was then met by more empty threats. The Resolution was more extreme in the formulation of threats compared to resolution However, both Resolutions co-sponsored by Russia China abstained imposed embargo on-Yugoslavia and called for cease-fire and finding of a solution in compliance with the preservation of peace and stability in the region The agreement was going to be observed by the OSCE.
The agreement was refused by the KLA that was not called to be part of the negotiations Soon after, the agreement declined to achieve anything and on the ground the fighting reas-sumed. Contact Group endorsed a plan on 22 January for imposing a political solution, including using force if either one ore both parties the Serbs or the KLA refused to accept the deal.
NATO pledged to back up the decisions of the Contact Group in using force in case the agreement would be turned down. This change on the attitude of international community towards the KLA was based on two considerations. First, the brutality and continuity of Yugoslavia's attacks on ethnic Albanians and the inability of Albanian leadership to counter it has marginalized Ibrahim Rugova, the moderate leader who was elected president of the self-declared Republic of Kosovo and who advocated nonviolent resistance.
Many of his former supporters did join definition de rajeunissement KLA, which stepped into the vacuum left by Rugova.
By the end ofthe KLA was a well-organized movement, with a military general staff and a civilian political directorate. The directorate was headed by Hashim Thaci, who attended the Rambouillet peace talks Thus, KLA become the most significant force resisting Yugoslav aggression within Kosovo and enjoyed large popular support and legitimacy among the Albanians In this circumstance the KLA could not be left out of the Rambouillet political settlement.
Both parties rejected the deal. Albanians rejected the option of extended autonomy, a status that they did gain with the constitution of Consequently, the only solution consented by all Kosovo Albanian political spectrum was the option of independence The new text of the negotiations offered an extended autonomy that assumed democratic self-government for all domestic issues such as education, health and economy. Foreign troops and officials were going to guaranty the agreement.
The extended autonomy was going to be offered for an interim period of three years. However, in essence territorial integrity and the sovereignty of Serbia were going to be preserved The Albanian side signed the deal but the Serbs rejected it.
This was considered as the causis belli to yield the military response of NATO soon after the talks did end. Intra-State conflicts represent anomalies in the traditional normative framework where there is confusion as to the nature of the actors subject of protection and the relevance of domestic structures in the relations between the States and order in international relations.
Giving a privileged position to the State grant to it a predominant position that exclude others such as trans-national actors, communities and individuals from the same privileges. Furthermore, international society by the policy of non-recognition 84 denies the recognition to these new actors and turn down their claims to self-determination. The international efforts to preserve this traditional normative framework as a prerequisite for order could give forth war if claims of different ethnic groups for self-determination are faced with repression and deterioration of human rights.
Furthermore, this war threatens to become a serious threat to order affecting not only the State in question but the countries of the region as well. The efforts to produce order could produce opposite effect: war and disorder. Although this may be considered an ideal solution to the current problematic, there is uncertainty in today's political circles about the framework of political actions deriving from the limitation shaped by the established society of States. In the present normative framework, the current answer is defined in terms of uti possidetis, a politico-legal principle associated with the rights of sovereignty that manages the territorial claims made by successor States to former multi-national State possessions.
The applicability of this principle aimed at countering secessionist arguments based on ethnicity and exclusive identities. The earth was God's garden, things were the way God had made them, and it was a sin to believe that one could improve upon God's work.
The conceptualisation of State society remains exclusivist and perpetuates patterns of alienation, exploitation and discrimination that create sources for conflict 88which consequently create premises for the breaking of order. A holistic approach is needed coping with exclusivist premises while providing pertinent explanations of the events and trends in world political level.
Martin Press,pp. However the issue of legitimacy would not be discussed in this paper since it goes beyond its purpose. Dissertation, p. More about sanctions and their effects on the conflict would be written latter on this section. Following suit this anniversary, constitutional changes were adopted to allow the changing of the status of the region. VonLibal W. Successively, Albanians were removed from the social and education sector and even from employment in other sectors of the economy.
At least Albanians were fired from their jobs to be replaced by Serbs, Montenegrins or pro-Serbian Albanians. At the same time, all Albanian political organizations as well as all cultural and sports associations were forbidden. Most of the Albanian print houses and other media in Albanian language closed down ibid.
With the increasing control of the Serbia over the militia, Albanian contingents were withdrawn from it. The Agreement text was signed in Paris on 14 December This number was estimated to be cases more than in the month of February During the month of April Albanians were maltreated. Only, in the community of Stimlije, persons were maltreated, families were searched, persons were called in for informative talks in the police station.
The Helsinki Acts of instituted this precondition. Furthermore, the KLA threaten that any agreement with the Serbs without the guarantee of the foreign mediators was going to be considered as betrayal and punished accordingly Isakovic Zlatkoart. Krieger Pub. Co, Which Way Forwards? Candidate, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey abazienika hotmail. Revue française d'études pluridisciplinaires sur les Balkans couvrant la période du Moyen Âge à nos jours.
Balkanologie Revue d'études pluridisciplinaires. Sommaire - Document suivant. Kosovo et diplomatie internationale. Le conflit au Kosovo et la diplomatie internationale. Preventive Diplomacy and Rambouillet Talks For more on A second Breath for the Self-D The case of Soon after,