The mistakes arising from ignorance of etymology are not less glaring in the Paidcpbilean version. Gilchrist's principles of euphonic changes. Would it not have been more prudent, in him, to refrain, as all native compilers have done, from noticing a peculiarity, to the practice and theory of which he is utterly a stranger?
Black and Mr. It would be comparatively easy to attain this object, had words only one undeviating signification; but an incontrovertible JA. Hamilton's method of teaching Greek, Latin, aad Italian, is liable, may see Dr. If to the above are added the accessory meanings. A plan of interpretation for Le Narraleur has been devised, which, it is hoped, will be found to combine all the best advantages of a dictionary and competent translation, with- a proportionate saving of time and pecuniary expense.
The words of the Text are ex- plained in an Index placed at the end of it, in the same order as they occur in the Text, an arrangement cal- culated to save the time which looking in a dictionary or alphabetical list would consume. As powerful as diemtcal analysis, ety- malogy reduces- ilie whde mass of words to a small immbet of primittres; all the parts of speech to one or two,aiid, perhapJB, all letterstoafew signs. James Gilchrist, an acute and profound philologist, " philo- sophic etymology, or rational grammar," appears to be one thing only.
Therefore, the pupil ought, in no case, hastily to surrender up his judgment to the deceitful ohViousness of the import, hut always to analyse carefully every sentence, and only adopt that sense which is farced upon his mind after all proper criticism hasheen hestowed in the investigation.
There are ten classes of words, or parts of speech, in French; viz. A Noun is the name of a real, intellectual, or imaginary object; as, maison houseesprit spirit, mind, wit, ghost, liquor. An Article is a kiiid of adjective, the chief use of which is to express, to the ear, singleness or plurality in the following noun ; as, le, la, for the singular, and les for the plural the. An Adjective expresses some quality or relation be- longing to the object to the name of which it refers ; as, notr blackcinq fivehuitihne eighth.
Whatever performs the act, or is hi the state expressed by the verb, is its nominative, subject, or agent, as, il mange he eats ; and whatever the act falls upon or terminates in, is called its accusative, object, or regimen, as, il mange un gdteau he eats a cake.
A Participle is a word which partakes of the nature of both the adjective and verb: as, racontanl relatingraconti related. Participle are generally included among the forms of the verb, but their theory deserves a particular study. A Preposition has two relations, one to the word immediately following, and the other to some expression used before or after : as, je cours dans' le jardin I run in the garden. The two most common prepositions are de off from, with, by, about, concerning, through, than, some ofand d to, at, in, with, within, from, for, by, on, afler.
An Adverb modifies, by its meaning, the signification of another word, or denotes some circumstance connected with the general import of the sentence in which it is used, or by which it is preceded; as, trh verymaintenant noweffectivement indeed, in factne nptnon noout yes. An Interjection expresses feeling in a vague manner, and has no grammatical relation with any particular word of the sentence in which it is used; as, ah! Such a subject would re- quire too large a space, and most affixes of that kind have their analogies, in English; but those terminations only which vary in each declinable part of speech, are now submitted to the attention of the student.
The terminations of nouns, pronouns, article, adjectives, and participles, vary only according to their Gender and Number. There are, in French, three genders or classes into which all words are divided: viz. The Masculine Gender comprehends the words which denote or refer to nearly all beings of the male kind, the greater number of those of the female kind, and a portion of inanimate or intellectual objects.
When of two ahalagous nouns, adjectives, participles, and pronouns, one terminates in i? XXXIX despotisme despotism sarcasme sarcasm.
This unlucky community of ter- mination makes every one of these masculine nouna irregular. There are two numbers ; the Sihgulary which denotes one object only, and the Plural, denoting several. Moods are general modes of signifying the act or state of tlie nominative. Tenses indicate the time connected with the act or state. The adjunctive mood is divided into two participles, called Active or Present, and Passive or Paet.
The infinitive and imperative moods have no divisions. The Imperative represents the act or state as ordered, wished for, or exhorted to, for the time present or future. The more usual only will be given in the following pages. Compound of the imperfect :. I must write, I am to write to N. Present, ' Ti imr belong coDvemc. It forms the Plural of the Present indicatiTe, the Imper- fect of the same mood, and Present subjunctive. When ending in tf, it forms the preterit indicative of most verbs which have it in us.
Present, Trhe Singular o this tense is derived from the infinitive rotibd, in various ways ; viz. La, kz. J, thoUf Sfc. J, thmi, Sfc. Future, This tense, whether regular or irregular, always forms the conditional. Observe also that the t or y of a radical part of a verb does not prevent the use of t in the terminations ions tM iez ; as, pii-er — pri-ant to pray — praying — pri-ions, pri-iez.
Thepe smunations are : Istp, 2d p. Present sing. Present and Impebative s, a, yez, ODt t pkr. Dire and redire are irregular only in the second person plural of the present indicative and of the imperative ; they make dit-es and redit-es.
Their preterit indicative, which is like the present, is d-is and red-is. With more exceptions, the same remark may be made on the present indicative. Grammarians, besides, do not agree on all these deficiencies, which are consequently stated here as being ndy more than matter of present opinion.
J j'abstrais, 4c. Choir to fall — Part. Clore or clorre to close — Part, no act, p, — clos — Ivme. Courre to run, to hunt no other part.
Distraire to divert like abstraire. Dissoudre to dissolve like absoudre. Enclore to enclose like clore. Extraire to extract like abstraire. Forclore to debar like clore. Forfaire to prevaricate— -Fakt. Luire to shine — Part, luisant — lui — Indic. Paitre to feedy to graae— Pakt. Raire to shave — Paet. Seoir to sit, to hs. Sourdre to itiue — Past; iioiie — Indic. Soustraire to substrWst Ihfik.
There are several actions and states of nature, such as. However, some of these actions and states are occasi mentioned when the ohjects to which tliey refer are repreae as speaking, or are spoken to, ahout them, that is, ie first and second persons ; they are also figuratively attri to man and inanimate objects to which they do not p belong.
He Mr. Neuter aS9 Defective Verb. But however speaking liE. Accordingly, Mr. Lemare, the most philosophical of French gnanmariana, not apprehensive of being mistaken for Jove, a cloud, or an M, at our academicians, boldly says, as well as Greek and Latin dictioBaries, je pleus I rainand je hraU I bray.
U aunt fallu qu'il derive this will hope wanted or been necessary that he should vjrite; he will have been obliged, 8ec, il se trcuve des traitres this itself finds or finds itself tz. The participle has been said to partake of the nature of both the adjective and verb ; and so it i9, in the present stale of the French tongue : for, like the adjective, it some- times takes the gender and number of the noun or pnn noun to which it relates; and, in some cases, it assumes neither gender, like every other part of the verb, nor number, like the infinitive mood.
The fiiets are these: now, when the active participle is or may be preceded by en in, whilst, byit is indeclinable and called gerund ; it is also generally indeclinable if accompanied by an accusative, or closely connected to a subsequent preposition; as.
The English and Spanish practice is doubtless much more regular, convenient, and, there- fore, rational, in this respect, than the French and Italian, in whidi itn is used; yet the latter practice is not absurd, as might be thought by a person ignorant of etymology and Ladn. When the compound tense is followed by another V'eib, it becomes sometimes difficult to distinguish to which verb die preceding accusative belongs.
Numbers are Cardinal. The Ordinal denote the order in which objects are placed. Numbers are of both genders, except un one, a, anpremier firstand second secondwhich are masculine, and make tine, 'premiere and seconde in the feminine. Un, unct vingt and cent, are made plural in some cases only, and take s; million always takes it, if preceded by a word denoting plurality, as detix millions, some measure reflected on the nominatives nous and ils, for we have suffered some one to beat us; they have made or got somebody to stHp theim of their feadiers, and Sire is accordingly used through imitation, instead citsvoir.
I 1, mille, mil [. The same "writers also use et before oKse after soixante 71but not always afler quatre-vingt 91' '. Deuxilme and second are indifierehtly used when uncombined. Ordinal numbers take the mark of plurality s when they refer to several objects. Henri-deux, or second Henry II. Philippe-cinq Philip V. Louis-quatorze Louis XIV. Catherine-deux Catharine II. George-quatre George IV.
Charles-dix CkiorUs X. In fact, they all coDMt of an adjective or participle and the word ment Latin mfiti, mind, intention, manner, waywhich is added to the maaculiiie gender of the antecedent, if this ends in a vowel, or to id feminine, if not ; as. QuCf as a conjunction, will be further explained under die following head. Syntax dependi on the general and particular properties of words ; viz.
Seven may be fttckoned ; viz. To the Dative belong those words only which include the meaning of d to, from, byand en in, toand are alwajm connected with a verb. The adverb most frequently used is the negitiTe ne not. Ne aiwsLjs precedes the verb, and, in genorali ii connected with and followed by pas or point, which follow every part of it but.
The complement of a preposition is always put after it if expressed ; aa, la maison pour lagueUe il travaille ; the house for which he works ; where d'od venez-yous? The following words articles, pronouns or adjectiTei always precede the noun; viz. Sudi are the principal directions which can be given- for the placing of words in a sentence.
Ton I hear jumeh. But the most common ellipsis is that which gives rise to what is called the conjunction que, the most difficult word for foreigners, and formerly a very mysterious thing for sO grammarians, most of whom are still ignorant of its real nature.
I cxH pKunmEuonr. Ui uAom we may Jpeoft? I nrfitt? Yous voyez? I visA that tyrants mey perishi. I pray thai liberty may live! CXVll I voQlut d'abord cbasser cette he would at firU drive oway iku moucbe avec la main; isais fly with 1m hand; but feeiitf that.
CSrfjt assent les dieux que Rome dis- may the Gads permit that Rome paraisse should disappear! Euphony agreeable utteranceconsidered as an agent, either adds, connects, retrenches or weakens letters, to produce an easier and more pleasing pronunciation.
A final consonant which is naturally silent, is connected and pronounced with the first vowel of the: word, when this docs not begin with A aspirated ; as, spus-entendu ; tout-it-fait ; rend-il?
Question de liev. Homme qui n'est pas de pierre. RScompense militaire. Chrandenr Tun potentat. MSdecine inconnue. Cause et effet. Les Boidals sf r6jouissaieDt d'avance, dans Teapoir de faire un grand butin. Circonslance rassurante. Auriei- vous I'habUude de niHTcher sur vos mains? Figure a peiadre. Cette nouvelle trouble toute rassem- bl6e. Quatre chevaliers d'industrie ayant fait grande cliera.
Ebloui d? Arme terrible. Alexandre I'ayant convaincii d? Assu7-ance positive. Actions de grdcts. Changement de proportion. Quel est I'mfaillihle? Rencontre imprSvue. Le savant. EffeU prScUux. La yUh. II ne dit rien d? Souveraine puissance JCestomac. Diffirence de rangs. Promesse tenue. Vou9 pouvez tout, et je uf puis rien. Mature d'iconomie publique. Quaod Philippe V.
Nouvelle nomenclature. Mipris des richesses. Bol de punch. Diderot a kik long-temps pauvre.
Derangement ripari. Le mart complaisant. Permission d'enfreindre la lot. Cos variable. Ame damnie. Trois jours de suite, le prodige se rftnouvtfla. Cette aventure eut lieu en Suites d'une proposition de cartel. Supplice m6rit6. Le tailleur, k hod r6veil, fit vcbu, cas qu'il guerit, d'etre plus fiddle. Pour ranimer sa chal? Tarif des jouissances. Le citateur. Hussein, fils d'Ali VI.
Heureax marttl. Vengeance compUie.
Le forgerott. L'un des derniers jours du temps qu'il y passa, il en forgea 18 pieds le pied pfese 40 livres, ou i-peu-prfes. Billets de loterie. Manieau rogn6. Le voleur. Fusil dangereux. Bonjour, je n'ai hélas aucun moyen de changer l'attente des 5 secondes car d'une ce n'est pas moi mais le site Japscan qui les poste et moi aussi j'ai ce message à toutes les connexions et de deux, c'est le seul site qui possède les scans.
Cependant, as-tu un bloqueur de pubs? Si oui, il faut le désactiver pour ce site ça aidera. Et il y a parfois des moments dans la journée où le temps d'attente est un peu plus long, il faudra essayer à un autre moment.
Désolée de ne pas pouvoir faire plus? CookiezupPosté le mercredi 07 août Visiteur a écrit : " bonjour, lorsque j'appuis sur le tome que je veux lire ,une page s'ouvre disant qu'il vérifie la navigation etc. Ça devrait marcher ensuite.
De rien, c'est un plaisir pour moi de gérer ce blog et de pouvoir partager des trouvailles. VisiteurPosté le vendredi 19 juillet Genre une notification ou c'est impossible? Si tu n'as pas de compte Skyrock, je ne peux te prévenir via le blog.
Dans ce cas, il y a un article "actu du blog" où toutes les nouveautés chapitres, épisodes Ya t-il un moyen d'être prevenu de la suite?
Merci a la personne qui nous met les liens ". Visiteur a écrit : " Merci pour tes scan, c'est geniale que tu passe par là tout les jours. Je suis trop pressée de connaitre la suite.
On compte sur toi, bon courage! Je ne fais que faire suivre les liens des scans mais je passe effectivement tous les jours sur le blog. J'ai bien partager que ce soit des mangas ou des commentaires dessus. VisiteurPosté le samedi 08 juin Merci pour tes scan, c'est geniale que tu passe par là tout les jours.
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