The figurative process of veiling and unveiling meaning, deployed in many forms collections of symbols, collections of emblems, of imprese, iconologies In other words, the exegetical protocol inherited from the Middle Ages was now put into the service of other objectives: it was no longer so much a question of revealing the truths hidden beneath the veil of appearances as of inventing enjoyable figures — although, admittedly, those figures were still understood as carrying meaning.
From the natural figure inscribed in the world, we thus shift towards the figure as pleasant artifice; its aim, nevertheless, remains the same, namely to involve the spectator-reader in a quest for meaning that claims to be both edifying and instructive.
La prairie soins visage homme
See Anne-Elisabeth Spica, Symbolique humaniste et emblématique. In the field of pictorial eloquence, in particular, we witness the convergence of the visual and the anthropological dimension.
From this perspective, the figure comes to refer primarily to the human face as a stage for the representation of emotions Here, too, the figure is conceived as an interface between the visible and the invisible, between inside and outside, thus opening the way for a psychology of subjectivity, which corresponds in the early modern period to a semiotics of human emotions As we have shown above, the early modern figure operates in a variety of fields, and across all of them it retains as a distinctive feature the dual relation with the material and the conceptual, the concrete and the abstract, the body and language.
In moral terms, this connection can be translated as an opposition between appearance, artifice and illusion, on the one hand, and truth, nature and archetype, on the other.
Beyond this opposition, the figure presents itself as a device that makes possible the connection between the two poles. We may therefore advance the idea that the figure designates not so much an object as a process seeking to articulate the sensible and the intelligible, the visible and the invisible, the corporeal and the spiritual as suggested by the derived words transfiguration, prefiguration, configuration, etc.
In short, the figure harks back to the dialectical movement between reality and representation, truth and illusion, being and appearing, which has been at the heart of theological, scientific and aesthetic debates in the early modern period.
Here lies the great interest of investigating the different fields of application of figured thought during this period. Such an enquiry amounts to casting a new light on the different modes of production and communication of knowledge, but also on the different ways of experiencing this knowledge through various plastic and linguistic channels and, above all, through their close articulation.
This articulation is worth studying synchronically as well as diachronically, in order to better understand the issues involved in the complex relationships between religion, science and the visual arts, and the development of these relations during the early modern period, a time of great epistemic turbulence that saw the universe of analogy and pansemiosis lose ground in face of a universe conquered by the sciences of observation, a domain where the figure, now numbered among the instruments of scientific evidence, has lost nearly all of its anthropological value.
A Double History, transl. Hansen and Abby J. Hansen, Princeton, Princeton University Press, This combined approach can help uncover the mechanisms that led to the production and coexistence of divergent meanings botox injection price uk tesco the term, as well as emphasise the tensions generated by their multiple trajectories.
In this respect, the studies we have conducted so far allowed us to identify, at the very end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the next, a transitional moment where the ancient notion of figura still retained a large part of its former features, while at the same time being reshaped along new rhetorical and poetic lines Conclusion At the end of this brief survey, we can argue in favour of the fundamentally dynamic nature of the figure, a notion that cannot be contained within a single definitional framework.
Rather, as suggested by the examples above, the figure should be more adequately understood as a process through which apparently incompatible fields can be related. The pervasive use of figurative forms and modes of expressions during the early modern period enables us to define it as the age of figured thought, or of thinking through figures. The figure, then, also appears as a means of engaging with the multiple, oftentimes contradicting currents of thought that make up the hallmark of the Baroque.
Pour une histoire de la peinture, Paris, Seuil, The relevance of this kind of inquiry, however, goes well beyond the limits of the period under scrutiny here, since it is from such motions and tensions that the modern understanding of figure has emerged.
The figure thus introduces a certain fluidity with respect to the limits between reality and illusion, truth and lie, essence and appearance. Its power of reconfiguration causes other dimensions of reality to emerge, dimensions that may otherwise go unnoticed.
By uncovering a previously unseen and by extension unknown aspect of reality, the work of figurability participates in the production of knowledge. Belting, Hans, Face and Mask. Damisch, Hubert, Théorie du nuage. Leers, Guédron, Martial, Visage s. Sens et représentations en Occident, Paris, Hazan, Spica, Anne-Elisabeth, Symbolique humaniste et emblématique. Among his research interests are the relationships between the theology of the image and art theory in the modern era, the Baroque culture of the spectacle, the forms and figures of idolatry in modern imaginary, as well as questions of art history and the epistemology of art historiography.
He has authored Ad Imaginem. Puissance et impuissance de nos idoles Bruxelles, Labor, ; Emblemata sacra. Rhétorique et herméneutique du discours sacré en images with A.
Guiderdoni et N. Guiderdoni et W. Melion, Turnhout, Brepols, ; Fictions sacrées. Guiderdoni et E. Heering et M. Lefftz, Turnhout, Brepols, ; Machinae spirituales.
Les retables baroques dans les Pays-Bas méridionaux et en Europe. She has specialised in seventeenth-century French literature, and the focus of her research is the figurative thinking and expression in early modernity. She has co-edited Emblemata sacra. Rhétorique et herméneutique du discours sacré en imageUt pictura meditatio.
Regime shift meaning
In particular, linkages between the export-goods manufacturing industry and the business-related service industry are analyzed to understand the characteristics of de-industrialization. In this study, we have attempted to extend the theoretical framework of the growth regime in the régulation theory, taking account of long-term industrial structural changes.
Both the macroeconomic analysis of growth and distribution and Input-Output Analysis are conducted on the basis of institutional analysis. This study employs the régulationist perspective to consider the possibility of a new growth regime in Japan. Nuestro estudio tiene por objetivo analizar las transformacines del régimen de crecimiento a largo plazo y el proceso de desindustrialización de Japón, tomando en cuenta los cambios institucionales domésticos y las relaciones económicas internacionales.
Influenciadsos por un cambio estrucural en la industria manufacturera, la desindustrialiazación se ha acelerado en la economía japonesa despues de los años En particular, las relacionmes entre la industria manufacturera de los bienes de exportación y la inudustria de los servicios relacionadas a los negocios son analizados para comprender las características de la desindustrialización.
En nuestro estudio nosotros hemos tratdo de extender el marco teórico del régimen de crecimiento en la perspectiva de la teoría de la regulación tomando en cuenta los cambios estructurales de la industria a largo plazo. Este estudio emplea una perspectiva regulacionista para considerar la posibilidad de un nuevo régimen de crecimiento de Japón. De-industrialization is usually defined as the relative decline in output and employment, which is universally observed in the advanced economies.
The Japanese economy, which witnessed the stable export-led growth in the s, has experienced a long period of stagnation and rapid industrial structural changes, especially, de-industrialization since the s.
In this situation, the creation of new industrial structures and establishing a stable growth regime are essential. We have attempted to extend the theoretical framework of the growth regime in the régulation theory, while taking account of industrial structural changes.
First, we analyze the process of long-term economic development in Japan, especially focusing on changes in institutional forms and the transformations of growth regime from the perspective of régulation theory Boyer, ; Petit, Third, we analyze structural linkages between the manufacturing industry and the service industry to understand the characteristics of de-industrialization in the Japanese economy. To this end, we extend the method of analyzing de-industrialization based on Input-Output Analysis which was developed by Franke and Kalmbach in the context of the German economy.
Furthermore, we consider conditions essential for establishing a new growth regime in Japan. Furthermore, industrial structural changes should be integrated in the analysis of economic growth, especially when we consider the process of de-industrialization. According to the régulation theory, a growth regime is said to be established when a national economy achieves stable economic growth. The cumulative effect of productivity and output growth determines the dynamism of a growth regime.
This effect operates more strongly in the manufacturing industry Kaldor, ; Petit, ; Boyer, Figure 1. The Growth Regime and De-industrialization. Therefore, there is a mutually reinforcing causality between the profit rate and the accumulation rate Marglin, Furthermore, investment leads to an increase in intermediate inputs from the other manufacturing sectors and the service sectors. At the same time, an increase in wages, which is mediated by institutional coordinating mechanisms in the wage-labor nexus, leads to more consumption demand.
As a result, consumer durables market and consumer services expand. In the short-period, changes in demand in the manufacturing industry influence investment through the adjustment of capacity utilization. An increase in investment leads to an increase in productivity, replacing capital equipments. This effect is more remarkable in the manufacturing industry with the dynamics of the introduction of new capital equipments and the scrapping of old ones.
Furthermore, an increase in production also leads to productivity growth through increasing returns to scale especially in the manufacturing industry. First, the cumulative causation between output growth and productivity growth operates strongly in the manufacturing industry.
On the contrary, the cumulative causation is relatively weak in the service industry. Therefore, if the service industry expands as a result of long-term shift in demand from the manufacturing to the service industry, the cumulative causation may become weaker for the economy as a whole. The spillover effect of intermediate demand between the manufacturing industry and the service industry contributes to output and productivity growth in both industries.
For example, business-related services promote productivity growth in the manufacturing industry, and the input of business equipments fosters productivity in the service industry.
Moreover, output growth and labor productivity growth particularly determine employment growth. Based on this equation, we can define de-industrialization in terms of employment.
Mature economies tend to have a smaller percentage of their workforce employed in the agricultural sector. In such economies, de-industrialization occurs in terms of the relative share of employment when the growth rate of real output minus the growth rate of labor productivity in the service industry is larger than that in the manufacturing industry.
This classification clearly describes the differing nature of the two different types of de-industrialization. However, while studying the dynamics in industries of a more detailed category, we should take into account increasing intermediate inputs from the business-related service industry to the manufacturing industry Franke and Kalmbach, We should also consider long-term shifts in demand in particular service industries.
Trade specialization in goods and services impacts the dynamism of the national economy. Heavy dependence of the national economy on the export of natural resources may exacerbate long-term economic stagnation. FDI sometimes produces concurrent positive effect with international division of labor, and negative effect causing the acceleration of de-industrialization, or the hollowing-out of industry in the worst-case scenario.
Figure 2. The Accumulation Rate and the Profit Rate. The high economic growth phase ended with the saturation of the domestic demand of consumer durable goods and continuously rising wages in the s.
The Japanese economy was hit by the oil-price shock in and experienced a structural recession in the s.
Regime shift model qrm 400h
Unlike other advanced economies, the Japanese economy started recovering from the recession very early and experienced export-led growth in the late s. Substantial export demand led to a relatively stable accumulation rate and profit rate in the s.
However, the accumulation rate registered continuous rise, while the profit rate started to fall even in the bubble boom of the late s.
The accumulation rate and the profit rate sharply decreased in the process. This process of recovery was prompted by the export goods industry, which was strongly dependent on exports to Asian countries. The profit rate substantially registered a sharp fall when the Japanese economy was hit by the subprime crisis and a decrease in exports in Figure 3.
The wage share started to rise again when the Japanese economy was hit by the subprime crisis inand this created a strong pressure to reduce employment. Moreover, structural changes in the manufacturing industry and inter-linkages between the manufacturing and the service industry strongly influence growth patterns in Japan. Therefore, we should employ an appropriate classification system for Japanese industries to analyze its economic structures.
For this purpose, we modified the industry classification system used by Frank and Kalmbachto analyze de-industrialization in Germany.
Table 1. Industry Classification for Structural Analysis. Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, Livestock and sericulture farming. Transportation equipment, General machinery, Electronic and electrical equipment, Precision machinery and equipment. Construction, Electricity and Gas, Water supply, Mining.
Finance, Rental of office equipments and goods, Advertisement, Information services and Internet-based services. Wholesale, Research, Telegraph and telephone, Mail, Transportation. Long-term Change s in Industrial Structures.
Note: Outputs are measured at constant prices. This has influenced the other industries. Real Output Growth by Industry. If, however, a regime allows all viewpoints to be represented, then grievances may be held in check, resulting in less terrorism. The most famous such case was the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of April Also absent from the list are numerous cases in which the U. The Court first states that the examination of a State aid regime must include, an examination of its various consequences, both favourable and detrimental to its recipients, when the equivocal nature of the alleged advantage is a result of the very features of the regime.
The above question s should be completed whether submission of this form is online or in one of the other ways set out in SUP The temporary permissions regime will enable relevant firms and funds which passport into the UK to continue operating in the UK if the passporting regime falls away abruptly when the UK leaves.
Regime Shift Detection. Regime shifts are defined as rapid reorganizations of ecosystems from one relatively stable state to another.
In the marine environment, regimes may last for several decades and shifts often regime riche en fibre alimentaire to be associated with changes in the climate system. SyriaCivilDef For almost two weeks, thousands of Syrians from the country's northwestern provinces of Idlib and Hama have been fleeing fierce and fatal land and air assaults by the Syrian regime. Find great designs on high quality soft cotton classic T-Shirts for Men!
From 10 Decemberit also applies to insurers and will apply to all other FSMA authorised firms that are regulated solely by the FCA in the future. Darmowy Wyszukiwanie terminów we francuskim lub w angielskim. As remittances. We are responsible for administering the regulatory and disciplinary regimes for patent and trade marks attorneys in Australia and New Zealand.
The current impediment to cordial relations, and the reason nuclear weapons would be intolerable, is the regime. Anciennement appelée cirrhose biliaire primitive, cholangite biliaire primitive Alimentation: Un régime alimentaire sain est important pour la santé.
Sign in - Google Accounts. Wake yourself up from the lie. Resist the bird drones that steal your information and spy on you. Tell others about the truth that you've discovered. La cholangite sclérosante primitive est une inflammation associée à une cicatrisation progressive et à un rétrécissement des canaux biliaires à l'intérieur.
Abstract We review the evidence of regime shifts in terrestrial and aquatic environments in relation to resilience of complex adaptive ecosystems and the functional roles of biological diversity in this context. The evidence reveals that the likelihood of regime shifts may increase when humans reduce resilience by such actions as removing response diversity, removing whole functional groups.
En cas de fatigue. Evacuated from Paris to Vichy in the unoccupied "Free Zone" in the southern part of metropolitan France which included French Algeria, it remained responsible for the civil administration of France as well as the French colonial empire.
Why Hasn't the Asad Regime Collapsed?